Louis XIV

This period is known as the Golden Age of France. With this style, the Baroque style begins in France; it had begun earlier in Italy. The Baroque style departs from the classical principles of the Renaissance style and the Louis XIII style. Characteristic for the Louis XIV style is the absolute symmetry and the rich treatments. The style is bombastic and radiates excess and power. The Louis XIV style is inspired by ancient Italy (Rome, Julius Cesar). As absolute ruler, Louis XIV had his own symbols that, next to the symbols of the House of Bourbon, were frequently portrayed on firebacks: the sun (of the Sun King), the Fleurs de Lis, the crown and leaves of victory. Many other common symbols from this time are garlands of fruit and flowers, lions’ heads and lions’ paws, masks, palm fronds, lilies, shells, laurel leaves and dolphins.

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